Vine and

France is the world’s leading
wine producer behind Italy

The Nouvelle-Aquitanie and Occitanie regions are France’s two leading wine-producing regions, whereas quality or origin labels are widely used in the industry.


  • Area (ha): 480,000 ha
  • Crops/species: 58 grape varieties
  • Farmers: 37,000
  • Global Income: 2.2 billions €
  • Key stakeholders: INRAe, VINSEO, IVSO, CIVL, ITK, Fruition Sciences, SMAG, IFV
  • Good to know: The two regions boast a total of 116 PDO and 44 PGI wines

Vineyards of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Occitanie: France's Wine Capitals

The wine industry in Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Occitanie is a multifaceted entity, ranging from grape cultivation to the marketing of products. The Nouvelle-Aquitaine region fully encompasses two wine regions (Bordeaux-Aquitaine and Charentes-Cognac), partially covers the South-West basin and a small part of the Val de Loire-Centre basin. The region’s vineyards span around 216,000 ha, making up 29% of the national area, and include approximately 13,000 operations. The vineyards of Bordeaux (114,000 ha) and Charentes (78,000 ha) are the region’s primary viticultural areas. The wine industry here is a strong driver of employment, accounting for 55% of the region’s permanent workforce.

On the other hand, Occitanie, the largest wine region in France, houses 87 appellations and produces a turnover of 1.8 billion euros, serving as both an economic engine and a powerful image for the territory. With 34% of the French vineyard area, the region’s vineyards span 268,000 ha, mainly concentrated in the Hérault, Aude, and Gard departments. Occitanie’s wine production includes Indications Géographiques Protégées (IGP) and Appellations d’Origine Protégées (AOP), with the remaining consisting of wines without geographical indications, natural sweet wines, and spirits. With 263,000 ha, Occitanie is the world’s largest vineyard for quality sign production (AOP and IGP), and it houses over 30% of French wine production with nearly 24,000 wine operations and 380 wine cooperatives.